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Richard DE CLARE, 6th Earl of Gloucester

Richard DE CLARE, 6th Earl of Gloucester

Male 1222 - 1262  (39 years)

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  • Name Richard DE CLARE 
    Suffix 6th Earl of Gloucester 
    Birth 4 Aug 1222 
    Gender Male 
    Death 14 Jul 1262  Waltham, Canterbury, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Burial 28 Jul 1262  Tewkesbury Abbey Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Richard de Clare, 5th Earl of Hertford, 6th Earl of Gloucester (4 August 1222 ? 14 July 1262) was son of Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford and Isabel Marshal.[1][2] On his father's death, when he became Earl of Gloucester (October 1230), he was entrusted first to the guardianship of Hubert de Burgh. On Hubert's fall, his guardianship was given to Peter des Roches (c. October 1232); and in 1235 to Gilbert, Earl Marshall.

      Richard's first marriage to Margaret or Megotta, as she was also called, ended with either an annulment or with her death in November 1237. They were both approximately fourteen or fifteen. The marriage of Hubert de Burgh's daughter Margaret to Richard de Clare, the young Earl of Gloucester, brought de Burgh into some trouble in 1236, for the earl was as yet a minor and in the wardship of King Henry III, and the marriage had been celebrated without the royal license. Hubert, however, protested that the match was not of his making, and promised to pay the king some money, so the matter passed by for the time.[4][5] Even before Margaret died, the Earl of Lincoln offered 5,000 marks to King Henry to secure Richard for his own daughter. This offer was accepted, and Richard was married secondly, on 2 February 1238 to Maud de Lacy, daughter of John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln

      Richard had no children by his first wife, Margaret (or "Megotta") de Burgh. By his second wife, Maud de Lacy, daughter of the Surety John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy, he had:

      Isabel de Clare (c. 1240-1270); m. William VII of Montferrat.
      Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 7th Earl of Gloucester (2 September 1243 - 7 December 1295)
      Thomas de Clare (c. 1245-1287); seized control of Thomond in 1277; m. Juliana FitzGerald
      Bogo de Clare (c. 1248-1294)
      Margaret de Clare (c. 1250-1312); m. Edmund, 2nd Earl of Cornwall
      Rohese de Clare (c. 1252); m. Roger de Mowbray
      Eglentina de Clare (d. 1257); died in infancy.

      His widow Maud, who had the Manor of Clare and the Manor and Castle of Usk and other lands for her dower, erected a splendid tomb for her late husband at Tewkesbury. She arranged for the marriages of her children. She died before 10 March 1288/9

      DEATH and LEGACY
      Richard died at John de Griol's Manor of Asbenfield in Waltham, near Canterbury, 14 July 1262 at the age of 39, it being rumored that he had been poisoned at the table of Piers of Savoy. On the following Monday he was carried to Canterbury where a mass for the dead was sung, after which his body was taken to the canon's church at Tonbridge and interred in the choir. Thence it was taken to Tewkesbury Abbey and buried 28 July 1262, with great solemnity in the presence of two bishops and eight abbots in the presbytery at his father's right hand. Richard's own arms were: Or, three chevronels gules.[9]

      Richard left extensive property, distributed across numerous counties. Details of these holdings were reported at a series of inquisitions post mortem that took place after his death

      He joined in the Barons' letter to the Pope in 1246 against the exactions of the Curia in England. He was among those in opposition to the King's half-brothers, who in 1247 visited England, where they were very unpopular, but afterwards he was reconciled to them.[7]

      In August 1252/3 the King crossed over to Gascony with his army, and to his great indignation the Earl refused to accompany him and went to Ireland instead. In August 1255 he and John Maunsel were sent to Edinburgh by the King to find out the truth regarding reports which had reached the King that his son-in-law, Alexander III, King of Scotland, was being coerced by Robert de Roos and John Balliol. If possible, they were to bring the young King and Queen to him. The Earl and his companion, pretending to be the two of Roos's knights, obtained entry to Edinburgh Castle, and gradually introduced their attendants, so that they had a force sufficient for their defense. They gained access to the Scottish Queen, who made her complaints to them that she and her husband had been kept apart. They threatened Roos with dire punishments, so that he promised to go to the King.[1][4][8]

      Meanwhile the Scottish magnates, indignant at their Castle of Edinburgh's being in English hands, proposed to besiege it, but they desisted when they found they would be besieging their King and Queen. The King of Scotland apparently traveled South with the Earl, for on 24 September they were with King Henry III at Newminster, Northumberland. In July 1258 he fell ill, being poisoned with his brother William, as it was supposed, by his steward, Walter de Scotenay. He recovered but his brother died.
    Person ID I672075462  Johnson & Hanson
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 

    Father Gilbert DE CLARE, 5th Earl of Gloucester,   b. 1180   d. 25 Oct 1230 (Age 50 years) 
    Mother Isabel MARSHAL,   b. 9 Oct 1200   d. 17 Jan 1240 (Age 39 years) 
    Family ID F565995865  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret DE BURGH 
    Family ID F565995863  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 

    Family 2 Maud DE LACY 
     1. Isabel DE CLARE,   b. 1240   d. 1270 (Age 30 years)
     2. Gilbert DE CLARE, 7th Earl of Gloucester,   b. 2 Sep 1243, Christ Church, Hampshire Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 7 Dec 1299, Monmouth Castle Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 56 years)
     3. Thomas DE CLARE, Lord of Thomond,   b. 1245   d. 29 Aug 1287 (Age 42 years)
     4. Bogo DE CLARE,   b. 21 Jul 1248   d. Oct 1294 (Age 46 years)
     5. Margaret DE CLARE,   b. 1250   d. 1312 (Age 62 years)
    +6. Rohese DE CLARE
     7. Eglentina DE CLARE,   b. 1257   d. 1257, died in infancy Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 0 years)
    Family ID F565995772  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart
    Last Modified 11 Dec 2015 

  • Photos
    De Clare Coat of Arms
    De Clare Coat of Arms